Ports of call during a cruise offer passengers opportunities for sightseeing, recreational activities, and shopping, but foreign countries where these excursions take place can be unsafe because of environmental hazards and crime. While major cruise companies like Carnival, Holland America Line, Celebrity X Cruises, Disney Cruise Line, Norwegian Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Royal Caribbean International, and others have worked to narrow the scope of their liability so that it terminates when passengers reach the gangway. The 1985 court decision of Carlisle v. Ulysses Line Ltd. long ago established that passengers have a duty to warn passengers of known dangers beyond the point of debarkation at locations where passengers are invited or reasonably expected to visit. In this blog post, our Miami cruise injury lawyers examine the duty owed to passengers during excursions in the context of an 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals decision that reaffirmed this duty established by the Carlisle decision.
In Chaparro v. Carnival Corporation, her parents and a brother accompanied Liz Marie on the Carnival ship, the M/V Victory. Liz Marie was shot and killed during a shore excursion. The family members indicated an unidentified cruise line employee recommended the family visit Coki Beach when disembarking in St. Thomas. When the family was returning to the vessel, the bus traveled through a neighborhood hosting a gang member’s funeral. A retaliatory shootout occurred while the bus the family was riding in was stopped and Liz Marie was struck by a bullet and killed. Continue reading →